“Stand Up and Be Recognized”

Ken Macro Blog

In my last blog, I confessed about my sadness in failing to recognize my older sister throughout my life. Born four years before me, she lived on this earth for only one week. Unfortunately, I never knew her, and consequently, I think of how my life would have been enhanced were she have grown up as my older sister. All retrospect now. But it got me thinking about identifying “the forgotten” or “the unrecognized.” Given the significant movements over the past ten years to recognize people and members of marginalized groups—and to honor their histories and the sacrifice of those in past times which have become “forgotten”—it dawned on me that, as with my sister, and, through attrition, she—as with many—were not “forgotten” but rather, “unrecognized.”

I know there were a lot of commas in that last sentence, but it is a thought stream that I wish to continue. Especially concerning the printing and packaging industry, book trades, and literary circles. Because men, generally speaking, were the predominant “recognized” source for proprietors, purveyors, and provocateurs of the printed media movement that began so prevalently in early modern Europe. However, until most recently, new revelations have been made aware pertaining to the “unrecognized” women of print from the past. 

In my last post, I mentioned a book entitled Women’s Labour and The History of the Book in Early Modern England (edited by Valerie Wayne, The Arden Shakespeare, 2022). In it, Wayne (2022) writes of the many women employed within the printing and book trades in early modern Europe. She writes, “The women who engaged in that work [printing and making books] range from those who raked rags from rubbish piles and begged door-to-door to receive pittance for them to those who ran printing houses and financed the production of books, sold them, wrote them, edited, owned, read and shared them” (2). According to Wayne, at least fifty-one widow publishers in London between 1540-1640 worked their businesses in some form or fashion. As it was in those days, the publishing house’s name most assuredly was identified by the husband or man of the family, even though the women (wives, daughters, sisters) could have very well actually been running the business, conducting production, and overseeing actual sales. Additionally, when the men associated with the printing and publishing business died, the widow would inherit the “shop” and—to earn wages for a living—would continue the operation in the name of their deceased husbands or newly acquired husbands.

One such “unrecognized” women publisher was Jacqueline du Thuit Vautrollier Field. She was the wife of a French Hugeonot who fled France for London in the 1560s. Mr. Vautrollier was a gifted and prominent printer in London at the time. He allegedly produced over 150 titles (books) over a twenty-year span. Upon his death in 1587, his wife, Jaqueline, was prohibited from printing any books under the auspices of his business name. As such, and with much persuasion to the Stationer’s Court (in London) from Mrs. Vautrollier, she was given permission to print a leaf (one page) of the Greek New Testament (which would have been an extremely challenging and difficult project). She was also granted permission to print a book based on Luther’s work on Galatians, which was apparently 600 pages in length. Later, and because of the quality of her work, she was able to obtain further publishing opportunities, printing pamphlets for members of the Royal Court of Queen Elizabeth that were in both French and English. Strategically, she decided to take on a new husband, Mr. Richard Field. In doing so, Mr. Field, a printer himself, acquired Mr. Vautrollier’s business and operated it under his name whilst providing Mrs. Vautrollier-Field with a newly recognized status within the printing/publishing community. Mr. Field was William Shakespeare’s contemporary and the first to print Shakespeare’s work. Richard and Jacqueline went on to establish a highly respected printing and publishing operation located at “The Blackfriars by Ludgate” (formerly the Vautrolliers’ Printing House) in central London well into the late 1500s. Jaqueline du Thuit Vautrollier Field, like many other “unrecognized” women of the time, was never recorded within official logs, records from controllers, or city registers. Her identity was unknown until she was courted by Mr. Field. Able to recognize her talents, he began to imprint her name on the title page (along with his own) as the official printers of applicable works.

In this series, I hope to “recognize” the names of a few of the hard-working women who have contributed expeditiously and painstakingly to building a foundation for spreading knowledge through the printing and publishing process of times past. “Research on women in book history has moved well beyond assumptions of their invisibility to imagine equally plausible alternatives for them” (10). 

Therefore, as I read this book and the many others I have acquired over the summer, it is my hope that women today, reading this blog, can appreciate the uncovering of those forgotten and invisible and—at the same time—perpetuate a continual process for bringing them forward to be affectionally and appropriately “recognized.”

Ken Macro
Professor of Graphic Communication
Cal Poly

PGSF Announces the 2022 – 2023 Scholarship Recipients

162 Stellar Students Attending 83 Schools Across the US to Benefit

View the 2022-2023 Scholarship Recipients by State / School

Pittsburgh, PA – September 05, 2022 – For the second year in a row, the Print and Graphics Scholarship Foundation has set a record in the dollar amount of scholarships given, totaling $551,000!

PGSF received over 600 scholarship applications this year. From this, the judges awarded 162 recipients with scholarships representing 83 schools from across the United States. Cal Poly and Illinois State both had 11 students receive scholarships from PGSF. At Clemson and Ferris State there were 9 recipients at each school. The average amount awarded is $3,477. This year, PGSF increased the dollar amount of the awards to help students offset the increasing costs of materials and living expenses. PGSF’s highest scholarship awarded was $12,000.

PGSF’s mission is “Building the Future of the Graphic Communications Industry”. Since 1956, PGSF has provided scholarships to full-time and part-time students attending colleges, universities, and technical schools with graphic communication-related programs. Programs include visual communications, digital printing, graphic communications, packaging, paper and printing science, apparel, web design, production management, and digital marketing. Once a full-time student receives a PGSF scholarship, it is renewable for up to four years. Students must maintain a 3.0 GPA or better and remain enrolled full-time (12 credits or more) in a graphic communication-related program.

This year PGSF awarded 114 students renewable scholarships with many worth more than $4,000.

After receiving his scholarship, Justin from Augusta Technical College wrote: “You have no clue how much this means for me having come out of a couple of rough years recently. Before college, I was graduating high school and took a year off from everything and thought that I would amount to nothing with my future. After some encouragement from my peers, I enrolled in the Fall of 2020, and I quickly regained my passion for graphic design and persevered in my first two years of college. Now, thanks to your generous gift of this scholarship, I can finish my last two semesters of college and not have any burdens of student debt because I didn’t need a handout to get me along. I EARNED MY WAY OUT OF COLLEGE!!! Peace and Blessings for all involved in PGSF, because you all change lives for the BETTER!”

“When a student is chosen to receive a PGSF award, they are not only receiving financial support for their education, but they are also joining the PGSF family and will have the benefits now and in the future of a positive support system provided by PGSF staff, directors, and our extensive alumni and contact network. We understand that life happens and work with our students to help them realize their goals,” said Dr. Debbie Bohan, Administrative Director, PGSF.

PGSF continues to find more ways to support education for the print and graphics industry. This year we expanded our funding opportunities by providing grant funding. This program funds student and instructor activities and also provides funds to acquire equipment to be used in an educational environment. Our annual student Poster and T-Shirt Competition is open to high school and college students, with winners receiving $500. The posters are used to help publicize the scholarship program. Scholarship applications for 2023-24 will open in November 2022 online at pgsf.org

Media Contact

Debbie Bohan, Administrative Director, PGSF

PGSF Announces Winners for its 2021–2022 Poster and T-Shirt Design Contest

Each contest winner receives $500 and national recognition in the graphic communications industry

2022 Poster Design Contest Winner

Pittsburgh, PA — August 22, 2022The Print and Graphics Scholarship Foundation (PGSF), a nonprofit organization working to build the future workforce of the graphic communications industry through educational scholarships, is pleased to announce the 2022 winners of its annual poster and t-shirt design contest. 

The full-time student poster winner is Emma Kostick, an upcoming senior at Appalachian State University in North Carolina. 

“I am very honored to receive this award, and it has inspired me to keep pushing toward my career goals in graphic design. I hope I can inspire others like me to gain the confidence they need in order to reach their dreams and desired goals,” said Emma.2022 Poster Design Contest Winner

The part-time student poster winner is Joshua Burgos from Camden County Technical Schools in New Jersey. 2022 is the second year a student from CCTS has won the contest.

 

The t-shirt contest winner is William C. Glass of West Hall High School in Oakwood, Georgia, class of 2023. Will comments, “I was diagnosed with high-functioning autism with Asperger’s Syndrome, and my gift is in graphic art and design. I want to study and learn new techniques to develop and produce fresh and exciting graphic art and design. Being surrounded by art and being a part of the creative process is my happy space.”

PGSF 2022 T-Shirt Design Contest Winner Will Glass

“Will has always been creative and highly involved in our West Hall High School Spartan print shop,” comments Caitlin Hickey, Glass’ graphic design teacher at West Hall High School. “I’ve had the pleasure of teaching him for two years now, and his design skill set has grown exponentially. Winning this competition and learning about PGSF has been incredibly beneficial for his future. We are so proud of him!”

Each contest winner receives $500 from PGSF. These funds benefit full-time students pursuing a career in graphic communications as well as employees currently working in the industry looking to obtain financial assistance to enroll in part-time classes and advance their careers. The t-shirt and posters will be produced and available at the 2022 Americas Print Show and Printing United. We will also showcase these throughout the year to promote scholarships available.

“PGSF would like to thank and acknowledge the high school and college educators from all over the country who include the poster and t-shirt competition in their lesson plans every year,” said Dianne Bullas, Director of Operations for PGSF.

Information on the 2022/23 PGSF poster and t-shirt competition will be emailed this fall and posted on the PGSF website. 

For information on scholarships, contests, grants, and ways to donate, visit www.pgsf.org.

About PGSF

The Print and Graphics Scholarship Foundation is a not-for-profit, private, industry-directed organization that dispenses assistance to talented youth interested in graphic communications careers and pursuing education at technical colleges and universities. The mission of PGSF is to promote the graphics industry as a career choice for young people and support them through their education process. 

For More Details Contact: Dianne Bullas, Director of Operations | dianne.bullas@pgsf.org

PGSF Visits the Mariano Rivera Foundation

Mariano Rivera Foundation - Team

Mariano Rivera Foundation - ClassroomOn Feb 15, PGSF Director of Development, Jeff White, had the distinct pleasure of meeting with the students, staff, and mentors at Mariano Rivera’s school in Gainsville, Florida. This was an amazing opportunity to once again interact with many of the students who attended the EFI Connect Conference in January 2022. At this event, Mariano was the keynote speaker.

It was exciting to be able to see what a fine program has been developed to help a new generation of individuals learn more about the Graphic Arts industry, preparing them for choices in career direction and advancement. I was honored to share with them details about my 40+ year career in the industry. This helped the class further understand just how important print, packaging, and design are to all of us, every day –  and that print is everywhere!

Mariano Rivera Foundation - StairwellRead more in the latest edition of Printing News: https://www.printingnews.com/2022-03-printing-news

Learn about the foundation and how you can connect to the next generation of employees via the Mariano Foundation at their website: https://themarianoriverafoundation.org/center/

Gravure AIMCAL Alliance – February Newsletter

The Gravure AIMCAL Alliance is a partner in all things PGSF. We are pleased to share some highlights from their February 2022 Newsletter, featuring College Outreach, Career Days, and More!

Read all here https://gaa.org/news/

Keeping the Printing/Converting Industry as a viable career option for the next generations!

University and College Gravure Day: This program helps students understand all the industry segments that use the Gravure process and provides awareness of all the careers in printing and converting. Interested in holding a “Gravure Day?” Email info@gaa.org, subject line: “Gravure Day.”

Clemson GC Spring 2022 Internship & Career Fair

The Graphic Communications Department will be hosting its next, twice-annual Internship & Career Fair on March 7-8 at Clemson University. If you have an upcoming internship or full-time position to fill, this is a great opportunity to get in front of more than 200 graphic-arts students, and the graduating class at a reception the evening before the main event, to recruit top talent.

Internships & Careers (clemson.edu)

Career-Snapshots Helping Students with Career Discovery.

Career-Snapshots www.career-snapshots.com is a tool that came out of necessity from the COVID-19 pandemic to give high-school students a way to virtually do career exploration and awareness. Mike Realon, Career & Community Development Coordinator at Olympic High School in Charlotte, NC, working with industry volunteers, built the Career-Snapshots tool. The site has received 2.3 million hits since its launch one year ago. The link was spread through the CMS school district and is being passed across the Carolinas and beyond.

In an effort to promote careers in printing/converting and related industries, the Gravure AIMACL Alliance and other associations were asked to invite members to contribute a video. A career video is simply a way to tell students how you found your career, how you learned (apprenticeship, certificate, degree), why you like it and a potential salary range. There are easily 10 careers associated with printing/converting (Prepress, Graphic Design, Production, Inks/Substrates, Finishing, Inspection, Package Design, and so on.) Please visit the CS and pass it on. If interested in contributing a video, go to www.career-snapshots.com, click the “Contribute” tab or email tdoanto@gaa.org.

PGSF Opens Annual Poster Design Competition

Winners to Receive $500 Prize

Winning posters to be displayed in schools across the United States

The Print and Graphics Scholarship Foundation (PGSF) is holding its annual poster design competition to promote the hundreds of college scholarships it offers students yearly. The winning posters will be showcased in schools across the United States, and contest winners will receive a plaque to display in their schools. Two winning entrants will each receive a $500 check, an award certificate, and recognition in PGSF’s promotional materials.

Educators are encouraged to offer the design competition as a real-world working assignment.  High school and college students are invited to visit PGSF.org/2022-poster-design-contest to submit poster designs by June 1, 2022. Contest winners will be notified before June 30th.

“Each year PGSF dispenses over 200 scholarships ranging in value from $2,000 to $5,000, and we are asking students to design a poster to promote these award opportunities. We encourage communities all around the U.S. to connect with the schools, especially on social media, to share information about this design contest as well as careers in the graphics industry,” comments Jules Van Sant, Chair, PGSF. 

Recent Contest Winners

​​The 2021 winner of the poster contest for full-time students was John Latham, a student at SOWELA Technical Community College in Louisiana. ​​Randy Jackson, a student at Camden County Technical School in New Jersey, was the winner for the part-time student poster.

Abigail Carter of Mattoon High School won the 2020 design contest thanks to graphic arts teacher Laura Roberts, who offered the design project as a school assignment.  

Design entries must meet the following standards:

  1. They must place a strong emphasis on the availability of scholarships.
  2. They must prominently display:
    • the PGSF name and logo;
    • the scholarship application due date of May 1, 2023; and
    • PGSF contact information: PGSF.org, contact@pgsf.org.

Visit PGSF.org/2022-poster-design-contest for more information. For questions or assistance, email dianne.bullas@pgsf.org or call 866-556-7473.

About PGSF

The Print and Graphics Scholarship Foundation is a not-for-profit, private, industry-directed organization that dispenses technical and college scholarships and assistance to talented youth interested in graphic communications careers. The mission of PGSF is to promote the graphics industry as a career choice for young people and then to support them through their education process. 

“Hey, I want to be included!”

Diversity of Students Around Table

By Ken Macro, PhD

California Polytechnic State University, Graphic Communications

First, I wish to apologize for my hiatus this past couple of months. The wacky world of education coupled with, well, the wacky world challenged time, which took its toll.

But I am back and full of (among many things) new ideas.

As with most educational institutions and progressive thinking organizations, the landscape regarding diversity, inclusivity, and equity remains prominent. With this relatively new social outlook, faculty, students, leaders, employees, and the public as well are engaging in discussions that bring such subjects to light. Most recently, I helped facilitate a departmental DEI event for our student constituency. It was hosted by a trusted professor within our department and included other guest panelists from the department including another faculty member and two students who closely represent the backgrounds of our student constituency.

Diversity equity inclusion

The event was held during an evening in February, and it was held as a face-to-face event (masked, of course) with two guest speakers who “Zoomed” in on the screen. The attendance was around 25 students, four faculty from the department, and three guests from industry who also serve on our departmental advisory board.

One question that was posed to the panel and speakers was, “what frustrates you today with regards to inclusivity?” One of the panelists responded, “I don’t like that companies within our discipline are not open to having these discussions openly and are afraid to listen to younger generations about their interests, social causes, and progress towards change. I just don’t feel as though I belong, or, will ever?”

I think this sentiment strikes a loud bell for us all. In keeping with my WWWdWD theme, Wynkyn De Worde understood this as well. An immigrant from France (Alsace), De Worde, most likely fluent in French, German, and Flemish, immigrated to England to set up the first press of London with William Caxton. Upon Caxton’s death in the late 1400s, de Worde inherited Caxton’s shop for which he moved to the now famous Fleet Street in London. As an immigrant, he was restricted in business activities so as not to reduce the opportunities for “local and native” printers to receive jobs. And, he would certainly not have been considered or commissioned for any Royal commitments due to his immigration status. He knew, first-hand, what it was like to be treated as an outsider and to be excluded from the dominating community. Because printing was still rather evolving at this time, he was able to obtain work from Royal suitors, members of the elite, clergy and academics alike, however, he also took his work to the common people and translated content that was most appealing to them in a language they could understand.

I think the big lesson here is that companies and organizations should do the same. When recruiting younger generations, they should take great efforts in listening to them, learning from them, and including them. As our industry changes, so do the people. But this change cannot be productive nor progressive unless everyone is included. How are you engaging diversity, inclusivity, and equity within your organization?

WWWdW do? He would say put aside put on a serious face and actively engage in serious conversations with the younger generation, or you will find that your company will want to be included.

Ken

Should you have questions on how to establish a DEI initiative within your organization, feel free to contact me. I would be excited to assist.

“Ding, Ding!”

Having turned in my grades for the past quarter (Fall 2021), I do so with great expediency in that it was a challenging and arduous experience. As many schools reconvened “in person” at the end of August, the lurking and dismal continuously-ringing tone of COVID and Zoom Lectures kept heightened awareness of the complexities of classroom logistics and dynamics. It brings new meaning to the term tintinnabulation (a continuous ringing in the ear).  

Challenged with a large college Freshman introductory course in Graphic Communication, I decided to ease the burden of class attendance by providing a F2F (face-to-face) lecture subsidized with an online ZOOM live simulcast. This offered an option for those who wished to remain in the confines of their homes and not within the assigned lecture hall auditorium. Exhausting as this exercise was (I get quite animated in my lectures), I attempted to entertain the F2F students (albeit without the opportunity to read expressions from their faces) while simultaneously engaging students ZOOMing in for the online lecture (not being able to see their condensed on-screen faces). And doing this while gasping behind a mask and/or face shield for the assigned time and talking in front of me, then turning behind to speak to the computer located directly behind me.

What I found most interesting was that most of the students came for the F2F lectures while a quarter of the class lurked online. I stopped several times during my lecture to ask if students would have been easier and more convenient to have offered the course online exclusively, to which I received a resounding “no .” I was intrigued because many faculty members believed that the student constituency preferred online class offerings. Side note – our University held a hardline on the decision to come back and teach F2F, but there was some dissension amongst the masses).

In many challenging and tiring situations requiring decision making, change, and redirection, I think, once again, of our good friend Wynkyn de Worde (WWWdWD). When many printers in Europe were busy chasing, acquiring, and translating manuscripts about theology, science, and classics within the humanities, Wynkyn went with what he knew best, the public. And, as such, began to publish books that appealed to the public. Not an educated aristocrat, but a highly talented printer, he was the first to publish “how-to” guides to better educate his community. He learned this by being embedded within his community, stimulating dialog, and inquiring first-handedly. I always imagine a bell sounding off in his printshop store-front as many of his friends, authors, educators, clients, and residents walk through the door to say hello or engage in stimulating conversation—that is to say—face-to-face.

If you want to know what is best for the people you serve, simply ask them. As a society, we cannot continue to live confined to our Zoom Rooms (it worked when we needed it to). We must face the incessant tintinnabulation and listen to Wynkyn to understand and serve our communities and customers.

I hope your holidays are warm and fulfilling, and, more importantly, I wish you all a sane, healthy, productive, and rejuvenating New Year.

Ding! Ding!

Ken